Iontophoresis is a technique that allows the absorption of active ingredients or trace elements through the skin , thanks to a device that emits an electric current. This practice can make use of different types of products to be administered according to the purpose of treatment. This technique is used to treat pain and inflammation, cartilage deterioration , etc …
You can administer products for analgesic, anti- inflammatory or antibacterial , in the same manner can be applied to cosmetics properties
What are the indications ?
This technique has a wide range of indications , such as:
- vesicular Pain
- Periarthritis shoulder
- Arthritis, Osteoarthritis
How iontophoresis and what precautions to take?
It is also important to understand the whole process and the reason for this designation : iontophoresis. In a simple way , we can say that the electric current “breaks” the molecules of the active principle that is applied , resulting in the creation of ions , hence the term iontophoresis. In turn , the ions penetrate more easily into the skin . However, the use of electric current stimulates the tissues , increasing metabolism and cellular activity.
There are some precautions to take into account by the therapist. The choice of liquids to be administered is very important, because only those who have ionizable particles are suitable for treatment. Otherwise , absorption will not be effective . In addition, the concentration of ionizable particles must be correct.
In low ionic concentration , the effect will not be the desired effect ; However , if the concentration is too high , it can cause burns and other adverse reactions. The application of ointments and creams, especially fatty creams, is also not recommended. All products must be water soluble , that is to say soluble in water.
What are the advantages of iontophoresis ?
As regards the advantages of this technique , there are several. First, it is localized action or substance acts directly on the desired area. Second, the product is administered as is retained in the region , so treatment is a single unit and prolonged. Finally, it should be noted it is a noninvasive technique for which there is no need for needles or painful methods .
What are the cons -indications ?
The iontophoresis is not recommended in areas near the heart, wounds and in people suffering from numbness, headache, dizziness , circulatory problems, rash or other adverse effects after each application. Do not forget to tell your therapist about any issues that arise in the interval between sessions and clarify all doubts before starting treatment or during its continuance .
What is the duration of treatment?
When done by a professional, iontophoresis is a safe practice, which can take place several times a week . For sensitive skin, it is advised weekly sessions . The depth of the administration of substances is variable and can range from 6 mm to 20 mm and each session lasts between 20 minutes and 40 minutes per zone. In turn, the number of sessions will not be less than 6, but the Council is 10 sessions to produce the desired results.